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The “pistou” of Provencals is a plant native to India acclimatized in Europe since the most remote times. This perennial herbaceous, which can reach 50 cm high, is generally cultivated as aromat for salads, soups and meats around the Mediterranean and in most temperate regions of the globe. As in antiquity, modern medicine recognizes the basil an action on the digestive disorders of nervous people.
The plant, which is preferable to use fresh, is also sedative. It was once prescribed in the treatment of hysteria. The crumpled fresh leaves would also calm the skin irritation.