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The orange blossom, called Neroli, is a pretty white or pale pink flower picked up on the Bigaradier (or bitter orange), a small shrub from India and introduced around the Mediterranean during the Crusades. Reductions, flowers and fruits of this mythical tree were associated in all regions with festivals and nuptial ornaments, symbols of innocence, freshness but also of fertility. In the 16th century, the Princess of Neroli (a small town near Rome) launched the fashion for its use and gave it its name. In ancient China already, the fragrance of bitter orange flowers fascinated so much that we soak the flowers in fatty oil, for various uses. There are traces of water vapor distillation from the 12th century. Its aromatic hydrosol is particularly appreciated in application on the face of people prone to a "skin that pulls", without being dry, like winter or in the event of a toilet with too limestone water.